Here is a blog post on some peculiarities in voice change of English grammar lessons. In our most recent blog post, learn about the peculiarities of voice change and explore the fascinating world of it.


1.One should keep one’s promise.
Passive :A promise should be kept. (by one-omitted)
2. Someone has stolen my purse.
Passive :My purse has been stolen. (by someone–omitted )
3. Circumstances obliged me to go.
Passive :I was obliged to go. (by circumstance -omitted )
4. We should not encourage indiscipline.
Passive :Indiscipline should not be encouraged. (by us-omitted)
5. We can gain nothing without labour.
Passive :Nothing can be gained without labour. (by us-omitted)


1.Why did they refuse him admittance?
Passive :Why was he refused admittance? (by them-omitted)
2. Mother looked after the boy. (look after-group verb)
Passive :The boy was looked after by mother. (prep. ‘after of the gr. verb retained)
3. He has worked out the answer correctly. (work outgroup verb)
Passive :The answer has been correctly worked out by him.
4. Someone built this building in 1990.
Passive :This building was built in 1990. (by someone-omitted)
5. Dr. Das presided over the meeting.
Passive :The meeting was presided over by Dr. Das.


1. People consider me honest.
Passive : I am considered honest. (by people-omitted)
2. We ought to help the poor.
Passive :The poor ought to be helped by People.
3. Believe that you know.
Passive :It is supposed that you know.
4. We will not admit children under ten.
Passive :Children under ten will not be admitted by us.
5. It is time to do your duty.
Passive :It is time for your duty to be done.
6. I know him.
Passive : He is known to me.


1.His conduct shocked me.
Ans- I was shocked at his conduct. (not, by his conduct)
2. Light filled the room.
Ans- The room was filled with light. (not, by light)
3. Her manners pleased us very much.
Ans- We were very much pleased with her manners. (not, by her manners)
4. The novels of Tolstoy interest me.
Ans- I am interested in the novels of Tolstoy. (not, by the novels of Tolstoy)


Passive voice of intransitive verbs with cognate object

We have so far noticed that the Transitive Verbs are generally converted into the Passive Voice as they have objects. The Intransitive verbs having no objects cannot be converted into the Passive Voice. However, when an Intransitive Verb is used Transitively having a Cognate Object, it can be changed into the Passive Voice.


1.He ran a race.
2. He dreamt a dream.
3. The patient slept a sound sleep.
4. I have fought a good fight.


1.A race was run by him.
2. A dream was dreamt by him.
3. A sound sleep was slept by the patient.
4. A good fight has been fought by me.

Intransitive Verb used Causatively (SOME PECULIARITIES IN VOICE CHANGE)

1. The trainer walked the horse after the race.
The horse was walked by the trainer after the race.

2.They have stood the table against the wall.
The table has been stood against the wall by them.

Intransitive Verbs used as a group verb :

1.We should not laugh at a lame man.
A lame man should not be laughed at by us.
2. We must listen to our teachers.
Our teachers must be listened to (by us).
3. We talked of them.
They were talked of by us.

1.Come here.
You are requested to come here. [ lndire├žt Passive ]
2. Go there.
You are requested/advised/ ordered to go there. [ Indirect Passive ]

Passive Voice of Transitive Verbs with two objects (one as Retained Object) :(SOME PECULIARITIES IN VOICE CHANGE)

In such cases any of the objects may become the Subject. But the Indirect Object or the Personal Object is preferred for the Subject. Another Object is retained. Hence
it is Retained Object.

Mr. Das teaches us English.
(1) We are taught English by Mr. Das.
(2) English is taught (to) us by Mr. Das

Bipin gave me a book.
(1) T was given a book by Bipin.
(2) A book was given (to) me by Bipin.

My friend sent me a gift.
(1) T was sent a gift by my friend.
(2) A gift was sent (to) me by my friend.

They handed him a gun.
(1) He was handed a gun by them.
|(2) A gun was handed (to) him by them.

Gahar offered me a seat.
(1) | was offered ayseat by Gahar.
(2) A seat was offered (to) me by Gahar.


Factitive Objects :

Active : They made him king.
Passive : He was made king by them.
King was made him by them. (wrong)

Active : They elected him President.
Passive : He was elected President by them.
President was elected him by them. (wrong)

Reflexive Object cannot be changed into Subject.
Active : He hurt himself.
Passive : He was hurt by himself.

Passive of Infinitives (to + verb)
Active : There are lots of things to do.
Passive: There are lots of things to be done.
Active : There is no time to lose.
Passive : There is no time to be lost.

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